H & R Daniel
Makers of the finest late Regency Porcelain
THE DECORATORS and other EMPLOYEES
Below is have listed just a few of the employees from the Daniel factories. A more comprehensive list is recorded in Michael Berthouds Book "H & R Daniel 1822-1846" which along with names also gives occupations.
William POLLARD 1803 - 1854
Probably the most noted of the decorators that worked for H & R DANIEL was William POLLARD who is renowned for his wild flower, fruit and landscape painting. POLLARD trained at Swansea under David EVANS and Thomas BAXTER but then worked for DANIEL between 1822 and 1826.
Second Gadrooned Pollard painted cup Typical strawberry paining featured on Pollard decorated wares
William POLLARD was born in Landore near Swansea where he is first recorded as working in a solicitors office before, at the age of 12, he became an apprentice painter at the Swansea factory. In 1822 he began working in the DANIEL factory, where he then gives us an insight into the painters shop in a letter stating that when he first attended at the factory they employed eight journeymen painters. When he left in 1826 they employed sixty painters and several apprentices. After leaving DANIEL's employment he returned to Wales where in 1830 he is known to have set up a china dealership in King Street, Carmarthen.
Henry HULME. GROUND LAYING ROOM Extract from the SCRIVEN Report of 1840
"I have been in this department 33 years; in this firm 17 years, or thereabouts. Have only one room for the purpose. I have one son working with me, 18 years old".
"The nature of our work is very pernicious; the mixing the colours and laying them on in their finely powdered state; they are all mineral; they affect our lungs; a vast many complain of it".
"There are six in the same room, two women and four men; the women wash off. It requires about the same temperature to dry that we have now" (60).
"I have two daughters with Mr. Minton, painters and burnishers. As the father of a family, I am very well satisfied with the system and management observed there. There are a great many schools in the parish well conducted and well attended. As compared with other children, I think that potters are superior, with some exceptions of course".
"My average earnings I cannot exactly say what it is, as we often play, but in work I get 5s. per day".
"Is there any system of management or employment in the factories of which the children or work-people complain?"
Answer. "Yes: that of locking out if we happen to arrive at the gates a little later than usual; I have never been locked out myself, but see others constantly for 20 minutes, or more, sometimes in the wet after perhaps hard walking or running".
James WATSON. DIPPING HOUSE Extract from the SCRIVEN Report of 1840
"I have been a dipper a dozen years in this firm; come at eight, leave at four; sometimes at five or six. I am a fireman too, and work in the gloss-oven; I then sit up one night a week; as a dipper and firer I make 4s. 8d. per day".
"The nature of my employment has affected my health formerly, but it has not these two years; it is always reckoned very injurious. Three men work with me and one boy; he is 12 years of age last July, and is my son; no women".
"There is a small portion of lead in the dipping, but it is worse elsewhere; don't think the change of heat in the ovens affects me much".
Fanny WOOD. SCOURING ROOM Extract from the SCRIVEN Report of 1840
"I have been a scourer seven years; always with Mr. Daniel; have two rooms opening into each other; one man and three women are employed here, and no children; we get our ware from the biscuit-oven, and have to scour it; it then goes to the dipping-house".
"The work does not agree with us very well, because it is so dusty it makes one short of breath; every one that works in this place suffers more or less with coughs, and we are all stuffed up; we have known a great many deaths from it; we come at seven, leave at six; are paid by the oven; that is like being paid by the piece, and average 8s. per week".
"William Benley, who stands by me, has been 17 years in the place, and he knows five women who have died from it, and numbers that have been obliged to leave it; he now says he couldn't enumerate the number, there have been so many".
"My son is just begun work; my husband is a potter, and in the engine-house; can't write".
Sarah SIMPSON. ENAMELING ROOM Extract from the SCRIVEN Report of 1840
"I have been a painter more than 30 years; 12 years in this firm; only five women work here in a general way; there are more now on account of having an order to complete; our usual hour of work is from seven to six; we have worked for this reason till 12 o'clock every night but one this week (five nights), but it is very rare that we have occasion to do so ; we work by the day, and are paid for over hours. No children work with us".
"We are allowed two hours out for meals. I have three boys, too young for work; the eldest is a boy 10 years; he goes to day-school at Mr. Robey's; as the mother of a family I prefer giving them all the education I can. I think children are indeed taken too early to work; the effect depends upon what they are put to; running moulds, and dipping, and oven-work I have seen often very injurious to them so young; it also operates upon their moral characters".
"It depends a good deal upon the disposition of girls how they turn out. I don't think the painters are the worst; there are no bad habits among them; the treaders and others are more exposed to evil examples, but they don't go very young there; I wouldn't like a daughter of mine to be there".
"I think our work is healthy upon the whole, but at first we feel it".
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